What is a baseline? GHG and Carbon Accounting, Auditing, Management & Training Greenhouse Gas Management Institute

April 14, 2022

Waters on the landward side of a baseline are considered a State’s internal waters, treated much in the way that land would be treated. However, in some situations, it is either impractical or uneconomical definition of baseline to draw a normal baseline. In such cases, straight baselines are used in lieu of normal baselines. The table shows the amounts by which individual establishments’ baselines were reduced.

Marine Gyaan Encyclopedia is a free online resource aims to document all maritime subjects and queries to replace bulky reference books. It is a benevolent reference work for Maritime community in an exhaustive manner. Our encyclopedia covers a great collection of study materials and detailed notes in subjects such as Navigation, Cargo work, Ship operation technology, Meteorology, ROR and Ship Stability etc. Searchable index include more than 2000 nautical topics in expected MMD written and oral exams with pinpoint answer, making our site a good all around tool for MMD exams preparation. It’s not a promising statistic, but it is one that you can avoid if you make sure that the baseline is clear to everyone.

Definition of Baseline

In project budgeting, the approved budget numbers are the baselines for comparison of actual expenses. Project budgeting works from what is known as a cost baseline. The cost baseline is the budget approved for the https://globalcloudteam.com/ project, usually broken down in some detail by cost category and cost period of time. This exercise is useful in spotting trends, looking at areas of growth or decline, and assessing financial performance overall.

Are used in product management to establish realistic goals for the development process. These requirements are agreed upon and signed off by product owners and key stakeholders, then used as the baseline to judge progress as the development goes on. A baseline is a fixed point of reference that is used for comparison purposes. In business, the success of a project or product is often measured against a baseline number for costs, sales, or any number of other variables.

Roughly 1 million baseline tests are sitting in a file without a follow-up. But the region already enjoyed the cheapest prices in the country, and the increases on top of that baseline were miniscule. Yet at a baseline, that may be the most critical component of the show. Typically, there are baseline differences between men and women on this test, with men performing significantly better. There is no baseline of cleanliness, and no immediate options if it doesn’t suit your needs. A horizontal line in the immediate foreground formed by the intersection of the ground plane and the picture plane.

What is a baseline in software development?

In horizontal financial analysis, the numbers for the first reporting period serve as the baselines for comparison of subsequent periods. A financial statement analysis that uses a baseline is called horizontal analysis. It compares a company’s historical financial information over a number of reporting periods that may be monthly, quarterly, or annually.

The development of a product can easily veer off course with new features being added by different stakeholders — all of which can impact delivery milestones. This is where an established baseline can come in very useful. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘baseline.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. However, project costs inevitably fluctuate from baseline numbers as unknown and unexpected expenses or even, in some cases, savings are realized. The cost baseline can be updated to reflect actual project costs.

definition of baseline

Clarity in distinguishing these components is critical when you advise policymakers and other decision-makers on the emission reduction impacts of their actions. Sales may increase or decrease even though your marketing spending stays the same. Baseline helps analyze this change by considering other factors that don’t depend on your marketing activity. Therefore, setting a baseline is vital for every company to fully understand the gradual value of their marketing.

I’m not judging- I used to do that too, and I understand my early team had special nicknames for me as a result. Slavedriver allegations aside, don’t promise a result that will damage team morale and produce a ‘hurried’ result. On my teams, I only support re-baselining when a significant project change occurs, such as a new or expanded scope. I haven’t seen this happen often, but clients can change their minds about anything, including key aspects of their project. You can count on them being made during the course of your project, but if your baseline includes change control procedures, any setback should be minor. If any stakeholder expresses valid concerns, don’t hesitate to update the project plan.

Thesaurus Entries Near baseline

Later in 2023, another five states and 22 cities and counties will hike their baseline rate, according to the National Employment Law Project, a worker rights group. Key performance indicators are quantifiable measures that gauge a company’s performance against a set of targets, objectives, or industry peers. Full BioSuzanne is a content marketer, writer, and fact-checker. She holds a Bachelor of Science in Finance degree from Bridgewater State University and helps develop content strategies for financial brands.

definition of baseline

I’ll add this to the reading list for my course on consequential/mitigation outcome accounting. A baseline is a snapshot in time for a particular project, budget, or product. It’s often used as a starting point or foundation by which success or failure will be judged over time. For example, a public company will track the performance of each product line by choosing one year as a baseline and measuring all subsequent years against it. If I’ve worked on similar projects before, I know which tasks are dependent on others , which makes it easier to develop a critical path.


If I’m venturing into new territory, I talk to more experienced colleagues or go on the Project Management Stack Exchange, which is an excellent Q&A resource for project managers. Using the tasks list and estimates to develop the schedule. As I stated earlier, I input my schedule into Teamweek, which also allows me to specify which team member is doing what task, how long it will reasonably take for them to complete it, and what the start and end dates are. If you’re involved with a startup, there’s a certain excitement and glamor in taking things day by day and being open to possibilities.

I remember asking him if he really knew what he was doing, and he laughed. In triangulation, the side of one of a series of coordinated triangles the length of which is measured with prescribed accuracy and precision and from which lengths of the other triangle sides are obtained by computation. In photogrammetry, the line between the principal points of two consecutive air photographs. It is usually measured on one photograph after the principal point of the other has been transferred. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

  • All baseline project plan changes should be documented and controlled with tools like change request forms and an approval process.
  • In product management, setting a baseline at the outset will ensure that all team members have a clear goal in mind when it comes to duration, cost, and requirements of the development.
  • First, identifying the company’s baseline helps you accurately calculate the incremental impact of your marketing efforts.
  • Understanding how and when your clients make a purchase can give you a substantial advantage.
  • Can then be updated in future annual progress reports, so as to provide a clear picture of the project plan, the progress made, outstanding activities and the utilization of resources.
  • A baseline is a fixed point of reference that is used for comparison purposes.

Baselines include project goals, and if no one really understands what they’re supposed to achieve, then the tasks, deadlines, and requirements have nothing to hold them together. You will recognize that the term “baseline” is ubiquitous in the domains of greenhouse gas mitigation policy and emissions reductions crediting. Unfortunately, though, the word is often thrown out too casually by the non-expert, as if a baseline is an easily referenced single object. However, GHG professionals properly understand that baselines have multiple components that must be distinguished to avoid confusion and mistakes.

The boundary line at either end of a court, as in basketball or tennis. Meanwhile, acquirers saw 2021 highs as ceilings, not as a realistic baseline from which to launch negotiations. The 6-foot-11 Gold subbed for Ighodaro in the first half and couldn’t convert a good look with his left hand after a baseline out-of-bounds play. New users will be required to submit a few credentials when signing up for a BetMGM account, in addition to the baseline requirement of being at least 21 years old.

More from Merriam-Webster on baseline

His team worked unfairly long hours, which did little for morale, until he got the additional personnel, . All three are monitored and controlled to ensure that everything is on track. If one component runs into complications, it can affect the project outcome if you don’t rectify the situation in time. You’ve probably heard the expression “We’re flying by the seat of our pants.” In project management, we call it operating without a baseline.


All subsequent periods are then measured as a percentage of the baseline. So a period that has the same revenue as the baseline would have 100% revenue. As previously mentioned, you can establish a baseline for your requirements before you present them for an acceptance review. The true and more important requirements baseline, which also follow the definition of the IEEE, can be established after the review. Because this baseline is accepted by all participants and counts as the first foundation with which the development can progress.

In short, if a GHG emission reduction or removal enhancement project proposal is the same as its baseline scenario outcome, then it is not additional. Determining the baseline scenario involves considering various alternative scenarios that could be the baseline. You then determine which of these scenarios is the most likely by predicting behavior and outcomes in the absence of the intervention. All baseline project plan changes should be documented and controlled with tools like change request forms and an approval process. When you allow frequent and random changes, measuring progress becomes next to impossible because the original baseline gradually becomes meaningless.

A historical baseline is just one way of establishing a baseline value. When you choose a past year as your baseline you are functionally assuming that the future, in the absence of your intervention, will stay unchanged relative to the past year you choose. That may be a perfectly good baseline scenario assumption for some situations.

The baseline should be integrated into all attribution calculations. Ignoring this, your marketing attribution is no longer valid. With the precise baseline, you can get new information about your marketing channels and identify conversion sources. Considering mean values only will lead to the expected results, and you will have no external factors pointing to “jumps up” or “falls” in sales. This means that changes in customer behavior will also go unnoticed.

The third distinction is whether this quantified prediction is performed ex ante or ex post. More specifically, an ex ante baseline estimate is a forecast done before the event (i.e., action taken in response to the intervention) in question occurs. While an ex post baseline estimate is defined as the counterfactual (i.e., ahistorical) prediction of past performance after the event in question. For both, a change in GHG emissions is calculated as the difference between the baseline and intervention (e.g., project or policy) emission estimates across the time series of the intervention. Now with that essential concept addressed, the first distinction we must make is between a baseline scenario and baseline emissions. The baseline scenario is a description of the situation and outcome most likely to occur, again, under conditions where the recognized intervention is absent while holding all other factors constant.

Now is the time when you can do so with the least amount of hassle. When you don’t define your scope clearly, the project deliverables may be less than what you intended. For example, if you know that the client wants a particular type of UI for their new app but not the decorative aspects like font type and background color, you may get a functional product that they won’t be happy with. If your schedule is not thoroughly planned, you may underestimate the number of resources you will need. I saw this happen when another project manager at my agency failed to realize how many coders he would need to launch a global ecommerce site.

Try doing that in project management and you’ll soon realize that you’re in the wrong profession. It is also possible to do the opposite, where the intervention was not implemented, and the baseline is what actually took place. In such cases, one could quantify theex postoutcome that an intervention would have achieved if it had been implemented. In this case it is the intervention scenario that is the ahistorical counterfactual. More simply put, a baseline is a reference state or the values against which we measure change. Consider every conversion made, not just those made by the customers who were attracted to your marketing.

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